The gain alongside the fear of separatist

The South China Sea is a
part of the Pacific Ocean encompassing an area from the Strait of
Taiwan to Karimata and Malacca Straits. The area is important primarily because
of its very
busy shipping route, and prospective, large reserves of oil and gas beneath its
seabed. The
archipelagos, mainly the Paracel and Spratly Islands, are often subject to
competing claims of
sovereignty by several countries of the region. The growing military activities
of the nations in
the region, particularly China, have led to worldwide economic and social
concerns.
The United States of America condemns the expansionist-like military activities
of China in, but
not limited to, the South China Sea. The United States of America also believes
these activities
to be motivated solely by massive, prospective economic gain alongside the fear
of separatist
movement inside the country rather than historical context as reaffirmed by
China, which in
itself is factually ambiguous.

Therefore, with the prospect of a future of stable economic condition in mind,
the delegation of
the United States of America, proposes the following solutions with the aim to
solve the
problem.

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1. The United States of America urges the disputes over the Exclusive Economic
Zones
(EEZs) to be solved in a diplomatic conversation, without any use of military
force,
whatsoever. The United Nations should act as a mediator to prevent armed
dispute in
the disputed waters. For this, the United States of America urges the committee
to back
the ongoing Freedom of Navigation operation of the United States, a neutral
approach
to check the rule of law, until the negotiations are conducted and a mutual
agreement is
reached. Appealing in an international tribunal could be the last option.

2. To tackle the asymmetric relationship between the
big state (China) and the smaller
states (the other claimants) in the long run, the United States urges the ASEAN
to unite,
and as such, reduce competition among its members, increase internal aid
programs,
and exchange technology and experiences. When a prosperous ASEAN is achieved,
the
United States of America firmly believes that China will take a much different
stance of
cooperation rather than the offensive in the South China Sea.

3. The United States of America also recommends Joint Resource Development of
oil, gas,
and other natural resources, such that the countries agree on a legal framework
for
exploration and production, including sharing fiscal revenues. During such
protocol, the
countries should suspend their disputes over the official ownership of the
islands, rocks,
shoals and reefs and other rights that come with sovereign ownership.

4. In case of a stalemate between bilateral or multilateral agreements with
regard to
China’s massive claims over the South China Sea, the United States of America
recommends China’s claim to the waters through the illegitimate nine-dash line
to be
replaced by a constitutional approach through the United Nations Convention on
the
Law of the Seas. The United States also urges China, and other nations, to
abide by the
rulings of the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), and not to
set a
precedent detrimental to international law as a whole.

5. As the territories presently claimed by People’s Republic of China and
Republic of China
(Taiwan) were initially claimed by the Republic of China when it occupied
present-day
China and Taiwan, the disputes between the two nations’ territories should be
dealt
with bilateral discussions. A joint EEZ could be a suitable alternative.

6. The United States of America recognizes the complications involving the
Spratly Islands.
Historical context favors China, Vietnam, and Taiwan, whereas the other nations
are
favored by their geography. If multilateral discussions prove to be
unsuccessful, China,
Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines and Brunei should set aside their
claims for
the present and establish a multilateral Spratly Management Authority. The
authority
would administer the contested area; the claimant states would be given voting
shares
in a governing council, and non-claimant concerned maritime nations, such as
the
United States, would have a voice, but not a vote, in the operation of the
Spratly
Management Authority. Decisions would normally be made with a consensus, but
when
voting became necessary, substantive decisions on matters, affecting the entire
area
would be taken by a two-thirds vote of the assigned shares.