Introduction wars and advanced technology very far.

Introduction
World
War I was one of the most influential events in history, it killed
many, but it also changed the way we fought wars, caused rules to be
created for wars and advanced technology very far. The use of poison
gasses started in the First World War, and warfare tactics evolved a
lot.

The
war started was from a result of somewhat small actions from a long
time ago.
The
Balkans
A
cause of the astronomic tension in Europe prior to World War 1 was
the constant wars and conflict in the Balkan countries. The Balkan
countries had a lot of seas around them, The Black Sea, The
Mediterranean Sea, The Adriatic Sea and the Aegean Sea. There are
several countries in the Balkans, which include Serbia, Bulgaria,
Greece, Macedonia and Bosnia. At this time in the early 20th
century, there weren’t a lot of people living in the Balkans
compared to the rest of Europe because there weren’t many minerals
or resources. However this is not to say that the Balkans was
unimportant, they were vitally important because they were a gate
between the west, and the east. TheBalkans were the connection
between Ottoman, Russian and the Astro-Hungarian empires.
In
1912 several Balkan nations joined together to be the Balkan League
(Which the Russians had a lot to do with). The agenda of the league
were to drive the Ottoman empire out of Europe. In October 1912 the
Balkans somehow managed to win, but they had a lot of help from the
Russians(Similarly to how the Russians helped North Vietnam). However
in June of the next year, the country of Bulgaria decided to launch
an attack on it’s former allies, as a desperate grab to get more
land. This wasn’t a fantastic idea, as Serbia, Greece and Romania
absolutely crushed Bulgaria in barely a month. In August of 1913 the
“Treaty of Bucharest” was created, which penalised Bulgaria
severely, which was one cause of tension.
Serbia
won both the Balkan Wars, and with it, they pretty much doubled in
size. Serbia’s gains had one very important outcome, which caused the
start of the First World War. First was Serbian nationalism. Several
Serbian national groups formed in the early 1900s. Their main aim to
to stop countries like Russia and Vienna controlling Serbia so much.
In 1908 Astro-Hungaria officially annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina. The
nationalists in this region really, really didn’t like this, and
Groups like Crna Ruka(The black hand) Narodna Obrana(People’s
defense) and Mlada Bosna(Young bosnia) formed and decided their main
goal and driving out the Astro-Hungarians. The Russian and Serbian
government encouraged and funded the groups.
In
June 1914 a member of Crna Ruka(Black hand) killed Archduke Franz
Ferdinand. Gavrilo Princip(The member in question) at that moment
started the First world war.
Censorship
You
couldn’t go spilling the beans on highly secretive events to the
enemy, as this is detrimental to your side of the war. Reporting
many, many deaths in a war to the families of those who died would
destroy the war morale even more than it already is. But however, at
what point is it stopping war secrets being spread and at what point
is it censorship?
The
Government routinely censored the press, and letters home from the
soldiers. When a soldier writes home about everyone dying, everyone
is sad, and everyone won’t want their sons and husbands in the war,
they will want them to leave, and subsequently be anti-war. This
somewhat effectively kept up the war morale, however there is another
morale in question, the morality. Should the government really be
lying to the families on whom is giving up their life to fight their
wars. Obviously the government decided it was. But with questions
like this, it is impossible to really pick a side. Imagine being a
situation where you report to the public several hundred thousand
died, or just lie to them. It is a hard decision to make, I would
struggle to make it, and it is why I will not talk about the morality
of the decision of censoring the press and the soldiers.
A
way they used to censor letters home from soldiers was to either cut
out the censored message, or scribble it out with marker. Her is an
example:

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The
Evolution of Weaponry in WW1
World
war 1 changed the style of fighting wars forever. People went into
this war straight after the colonial days, without helmets, with
swords, with brightly coloured uniforms. They went out of the war in
camouflage, Rifles, Bayonets, Machine Guns, Shell Artillery, Helmets
and tanks.