Assignment 1:HTML and CSS MarkupWeb Technology Lab Group 72: Anna Claire favié and Tsungai ChipatoQuestions :HTML part1.Make sure you have read Paul Ford’s article “On HTML5 and the Group That Rules the Web” (see Reader on Canvas). What is, according to this article, the key difference between the HTML5 Recommendation published by W3C and the one published by the WHATWG?Answer:According to this article the key difference between the HTML5 recommendation published by W3C and the one published by WHATWG is that WHATWG (as well as W3C ) set out to define a new version of HTML called HTML5. W3C accepted the HTML5, but W3C has been recommending certain things: taking WHATWG’s documents and changing them in ways that the WHATWG people don’t always like.2.Explain the difference between “the Internet” and “the World-Wide Web”. Provide links to the online resources you used (if any) to answer this question.Answer:The internet is a massive network of networks, it connects computers together on a global scale. The Web or World Wide Web is a way of accessing information of the internet.13.What are the three essential technologies that Tim Berners-Lee created to build the World-Wide Web on top of the already existing Internet infrastructure?Answer:Tim Berners-Lee is the principal creator of the Web, aswell as the director of the W3C, the 3 essential technologies he created were HTTP, HTML and URI.4.Create a document with the text “Hello World!” in a word processor such as Microsoft Word or LibreOffice Writer. Save the file as a Web page or HTML document and inspect the HTML source using a plain text editor or a browser. Describe the key differences of the exported HTML against a regular HTML document created with a plain text editor. Hint: you could use the HTML
tag with the proper escaping to show some example HTML source code generated by the word processor.Answer:
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In the word processing .html it includeds style elements whereas the plain text generated .html has none.in the word processing html it includes many unnecesssary tags, making it more complicated.5.Find out which port (according to the current IANA assignment) is used for the following protocols:HTTPSSHFTPProvide a one line description of all three protocols, indicate with a link which authoritative source you have used for each description, and why you think your source is authoritative for this topic.Encode your answer in an HTML table with an id attribute set to protocolTable. The table should have three rows, one for each protocol. It should have at least four columns: for each protocol, list the protocol name, port number, description and the authoritative source.Answer:HTTP: port 80, applitcation-level protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.SSH: port 22, protocol for secure remote login and other secure network services over an insecure network.FTP: port 20, sharing files reliably and efficiently on the internet and within private networks.2Look at the following two HTML paragraphs:
This is an important point.
This is another important point.
6.Explain why the HTML of the first paragraph should be preferred. Illustrate this with an example. Also, identify another pair of HTML constructs for which the same rationale holds. Answer: is an element that implies a meaning to a user as it is a style. is semantic it describes the text that it surrounds,it defines important text, Thus, the first paragraph is prefered . for example: You could change in and in and the same rationale would hold.7.Identify one similarity and one difference between the HTML elements span and div.Answer:Difference: is an inline element (does not start on a new line) and